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Botanical Names Andrographis paniculata (Linn.) Burm
English Name Green chirayta, create, king of bitters, andrographis, India Echinacea
Telugu Name Nelavemu or Nelavepa
Family Acanthaceae
Medicinal Parts glabrous leaves , white flowers , rose-purple, the petals, small, solitary
Nelavemu (Kalmegh)

Plant Description:

Kalmegh grows erect to a height of 30-110 cm in moist shady places with glabrous leaves and white flowers having rose-purple spots on the petals. Flowers are small, solitary in panicles. Fruit is approximately 2 cm long. Seeds are numerous, yellow-brown in colour.

Uses:Anti-pyretic, liver tonic, hypoglycemic. Andrographis paniculata, also known as Justicia paniculata has been used to treat an array of health conditions, including cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, hepatic, common cold, pharyngitis,tonsillopharyngitis and other upper respiratory tract problems.


Action & Uses of Kalmegh:
1. Kalmegh is a blood purifier, so used to cure torbid liver, jaundice, dermatological  Diseases, dyspepsia,      febrifuge and anthelmintic.
2. Kalmegh acts to dispel heat and remove toxins.
3. Kalmegh acts as antibacterial. It appears to have beneficial effect in reducing  Diarrhea and symptoms  arising from bacterial infections.
4. Kalmegh is used in case of diseases like flu, sinusitis, and upper respiratory tract   Infection, cough and bronchitis.
5. Kalmegh plant acts as anti-typhoid against Salmonella typhae and antifungal against       Helminthosporium sativum.
6. Organic Kalmegh has a great reputation in the Tribal folklore, as one of the best    remedies for Malaria even better than Quinine.

Home Remedies


Andrographis paniculata may benefit diabetes, animal studies suggest. [10-13] Andrographis paniculata is a popular herb used by the diabetic patients in Pampanga, Philippines. Researchers from Thomas Jefferson University orally aministered Andrographis paniculata decoction to alloxan-induced diabetic rats. They found that rats that were treated with Andrographis paniculata had higher body weight compared with diabetic positive control but exhibited lower body weight than the non-diabetic control. The blood glucose levels in the Andrographis paniculata treated group was significantly reduced from day 12 to day 27 compared with diabetic positive control, however, comparable with non-diabetic control.

Cancers Andrographis paniculata extracts show potential benefits in cancers, animal and test-tube studies suggest. Ethanol extract of Andrographis paniculata and andrographolide were found to have significantly growth inhibitory activities on human acute myeloid leukemic HL-60 cells after 24 h of treatment. Researchers concluded that the extract and andrographolide induce cell cycle arrest and affect an intrinsic mitochondria-dependent pathway of apoptosis by regulating the expression of some pro-apoptotic markers in HL-60 cells.
Indian researchers noticed the anti-cancer activities of andrographolide on different types of human cancer cells.

Andrographis paniculata may benefit insomnia.The extract exhibited a significant alteration in behaviour pattern and a reduction in spontaneous motility. The extract also produced a prolongation of the pentobarbitone-induced sleeping time and lowered the body temperature in different experimental animal models.

Viral Infections Andrographis paniculata extracts may benefit people suffered from viral infections.  Aqueous extracts of  Andrographis paniculata showed significant antimicrobial activity. Andrographolide, neoandrographolide and 14-deoxy-11,12-didehydroandrographolide, ent-labdene diterpenes isolated from Andrographis paniculata showed viricidal activity against herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1).

In a study of 152 patients with pharyngotonsillitis, researchers found that the effects of high doses of Andrographis paniculata were comparable to
paracetamol on fever and sore throat.

Researchers from the Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK reviewed five studies and concluded that that Andrographis paniculata is superior to placebo in alleviating the subjective symptoms of uncomplicated upper respiratory tract infection. There is also preliminary evidence of a preventative effect.

Andrographis may have benefits of liver Protection  Extracts of Andrographis paniculata have showed protection on liver from various chemicals such as carbon tetrachloride.

Fertility Andrographis may have effects on fertility, animal studies suggested. Researchers mixed Andrographis Paniculata powder with animal's food (Rats Pelletts) and fed female mice daily with this preparation for six weeks. None of the animal were pregnant when mated with the male of proven fertility who did not receive the drug. While, most of the control were pregnant.

Researchers fed male albino rats with dry leaf of Andrographis Paniculata at a dose level of 20 mg powder per day for 60 days, resulted in cessation of spermatogenesis, degenerative changes in the seminiferous tubules, regression of Leydig cells and regressive and/or degenerative changes in the epididymis, seminal vesicle, ventral prostate and coagulating gland. The treatment also resulted in accumulation of glycogen and cholesterol in the testis.
Individual results may vary.
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