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Botanical Names Bacopa monniera
English Name Scrophuariaceae
Telugu Name arnbranichettu
Family Brahmi.
Description: Brahmi is the small creeping herb with the numerous branches. It grows to a height of 2 -3 feet and its branches are 10 -35 cm long. It has oval shaped leaves that are 1-2 cm long and 3- 8 mm broad. Leaves are formed in pairs along the stems. Small- tubular, five petaled flowers are white- purple in color. Its stem is soft, succulent, and hairy with the glands. Roots emerge out of the nodules and directly go to the soil. The fruit is oval.


Medicinal uses: Brahmi is used in traditional Indian medicines for centuries. for the treatment of bronchitis, chronic cough, asthma, hoarseness, arthritis, rheumatism, backache, fluid retention, blood cleanser, chronic skin conditions, constipation, hair loss, fevers, digestive problems, depression, mental and physical fatigue and many more. It is used to treat all sorts of skin problems like eczema, psoriasis, abscess and ulceration. It stimulates the growth of skin, hair and nails. Brahmi posses’ anticancer activity. It is taken to get relief from stress and anxiety. According to the Ayurveda Brahmi has antioxidant properties. It has been reported to reduce oxidation of fats in the blood stream, which is the risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Brahmi is considered as the main rejuvenating herb for the nerve and brain cells. 

Home Remedies

Skin Benefits Brahmi is beneficial to the skin. It can be used to treat skin problems such as eczema, psoriasis, ulceration and abscess. It can also treat chronic skin conditions.
Mentel Health Benefits The herb can be taken for mental health conditions such as depression and mental fatigue. Brahmi can be taken for stress and anxiety relief. It can also rejuvenate mental clarity and brain functioning.
Benefits for Memory Oil found in Brahmi restores preserves and enhances memory. It nourishes the brain. Brahmi is given to infants in India to boost memory power and intelligence. Students can take it to enhance the mind's ability to focus better and learn.
Antioxidant Properties Brahmi has antioxidant properties and can reduce oxidation of fats in the blood stream, which is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. The herb additionally stimulates anticancer activity.
Benefits for Hair Brahmi can be a treatment for hair loss. Because of the herb's antioxidant properties, Brahmi allows proper nourishment to reach hair roots and promote growth. Its oil also can help with dandruff. Brahmi's oil additionally can prevent hair splitting at the ends and hair discoloration.

Traditional Medicinal Uses Of Brahmi

  • memory enhancer
  • mental and physical fatigue
  • insomnia
  • irritable bowel syndrome
  • increase sex drive
  • impotence
  • bronchitis
  • coughs and hoarseness
  • arthritis
  • rheumatism
  • inflammatory conditions
  • high cholesterol levels

Brahmi is used in Indian Ayurvedic medicine as brain tonic. Brahmi has naturally occurring nitric oxide that according to studies have positive effects in brain activity. Brahmi has Bacosides that release nitric oxide that relaxes the aorta and veins allowing smooth blood flow that nourishes the nerve cells, improving cognitive capability, promote mental clarity and focus.

Brahmi is used as memory enhancer. In a study conducted to test the chronic effects of Brahmi (Bacopa monniera) on human memory done in University of Wollongong, Australia, suggests that Brahmi (Bacopa monniera) shows a significant action of enhancing the capacity of the subjects to retain new information while maintaining the capability of learning.

Brahmi is used as treatment for Alzheimer’s disease. In a study conducted on rats (J. Ethnopharmacol, 2009), a model was conducted where Alzheimer’s disease is induced to rats. The rats were afterwards given Brahmi extract to determine its effects against Alzheimer’s disease. The test showed that rats given a dose of up to 80mg/kg of Brahmi extract had improved cognitive capability and mitigated the further reduction of brain neurons.

Brahmi as anti-oxidant. A study entitled “Free radical scavenging capacity and protective effect of Bacopa monniera on DNA damage, 2003”, suggests that Brahmi (Bacopa monniera) has an antioxidant capacity, scavenging free radicals in the body while protecting the DNA cleavage. This study in Brahmi action against free radicals has value in treating pathologies where free radical production is evident.

Brahmi has neuroprotective effect. Studies conducted in Naresuan University in Thailand (2008), suggest that in an induced neuron cell death (neurotoxicity) in the primary cortical culture, Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri) extract has a positive effect in neurons preventing the progressive reduction in mass thus mitigating neurodegeneration.

Brahmi as an asthma treatment. A study conducted to determine the broncho-vasodilatory effect of Brahmi extract suggests that constituents found in Brahmi inhibits the formation of calcium ions thereby affecting a broncho-vasodilatory activity.

Brahmi as a depression treatment. In a depression induced model study done in rats. Brahmi extract when compared to an antidepressant drug ‘imipramine’, showed the same effects, suggesting that Brahmi has antidepressant activity comparable to imipramine.

Brahmi as an epilepsy treatment. In a model study done on rats. Pilocarpine is used to induce epileptic episodes in rats. Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri) extract showed a positive effect to the epileptic hippocampus. The depressive behavior of epileptic rats was reversed when Brahmi extract were given if compared to those who receive no treatment.

Brahmi as stress reduction herb. Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri) has been studied to provide anti stress activity in rat test models. The effect of Brahmi extract to the hippocampus is that it modulates activities of Hsp70 expression and superoxide simutase thereby preparing the brain to act in adverse conditions such as stress.

Brahmi as an anti-ulcer herbal medicine. Studies suggest that in an acid induced ulcer in rats, Brahmi extract has shown an anti-ulcer and ulcer healing activity. It is believed that Brahmi effects a mucosal offensive and defensive action, limiting the growth of helicobacter pylori, preventing gastric ulceration and promotes healing.

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